Friday, November 15, 2019
    

Active Research

Ontario Pork has a call for research proposals twice a year (fall and spring). These projects were approved for funding by the board on recommendation of the research committee. If you have questions or need further information about the research posted here please contact Cristiane Mesquita at cristiane.mesquita@ontariopork.on.ca.


Active Research

Effects of improved design trailers on the welfare of pigs transported under Canadian transport and climate conditions

Effects of improved design trailers on the welfare of pigs transported under Canadian transport and climate conditions

Project 17-012 - Lead Researcher: Dr. Luigi Faucitano

Pig losses during transit are largely dependent on vehicle design. This is particularly the case in Canada where most pigs are transported in pot-belly (PB) trailers. This vehicle type is questioned as it is not easy to load and unload due to the presence of multiple and steep ramps and provides a poor thermal environment due to poor ventilation patterns or insulation while stationary or moving. These characteristics result in greater proportion of animal losses when this trailer type is used instead of other vehicle types, equipped with hydraulic decks, such as the triple-decked flat-deck (FD) trailer. However, handling problems have been also reported in the FD trailer. Furthermore, neither the PB nor FD trailers are equipped with in-built fan ventilation or drinkers, nor insulation. The innovative modified triple-decked PB and FD triple-decked trailers, featuring hydraulic decks, fan ventilation and misters, moving top roof and drinkers, and side anti-frostbite barriers, may represent valid alternatives to ensure the comfort of pigs under the Canadian transport conditions and reduce losses. The efficiency of these two new trailers under the Canadian transport and climate conditions will be assessed through the measure of truck internal climate variation, behavior, physiology and carcass and meat quality.


Video by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

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